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python 爱心代码

效果图:

在这里插入图片描述


代码:

import random
from math import sin, cos, pi, log
from tkinter import *

CANVAS_WIDTH = 640
CANVAS_HEIGHT = 480
CANVAS_CENTER_X = CANVAS_WIDTH / 2
CANVAS_CENTER_Y = CANVAS_HEIGHT / 2
IMAGE_ENLARGE = 11
# 设置颜色
HEART_COLOR = "#FF99CC"


def center_window(root, width, height):
    screenwidth = root.winfo_screenwidth()  # 获取显示屏宽度

    screenheight = root.winfo_screenheight()  # 获取显示屏高度

    size = '%dx%d+%d+%d' % (width, height, (screenwidth - width) /

                            2, (screenheight - height) / 2)  # 设置窗口居中参数

    root.geometry(size)  # 让窗口居中显示


def heart_function(t, shrink_ratio: float = IMAGE_ENLARGE):
    x = 16 * (sin(t) ** 3)

    y = -(13 * cos(t) - 5 * cos(2 * t) - 2 * cos(3 * t) - cos(4 * t))

    # 放大

    x *= shrink_ratio
    y *= shrink_ratio
    # 移到画布中央

    x += CANVAS_CENTER_X

    y += CANVAS_CENTER_Y

    return int(x), int(y)


def scatter_inside(x, y, beta=0.15):
    ratio_x = - beta * log(random.random())

    ratio_y = - beta * log(random.random())

    dx = ratio_x * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X)

    dy = ratio_y * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y)

    return x - dx, y - dy


def shrink(x, y, ratio):
    force = -1 / (((x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) ** 2 +

                   (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) ** 2) ** 0.6)

    dx = ratio * force * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X)

    dy = ratio * force * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y)

    return x - dx, y - dy


def curve(p):
    return 2 * (2 * sin(4 * p)) / (2 * pi)


class Heart:

    def __init__(self, generate_frame=20):

        self._points = set()  # 原始爱心坐标集合

        self._edge_diffusion_points = set()  # 边缘扩散效果点坐标集合

        self._center_diffusion_points = set()  # 中心扩散效果点坐标集合

        self.all_points = {}  # 每帧动态点坐标

        self.build(2000)

        self.random_halo = 1000

        self.generate_frame = generate_frame

        for frame in range(generate_frame):
            self.calc(frame)

    def build(self, number):

        for _ in range(number):
            t = random.uniform(0, 2 * pi)

            x, y = heart_function(t)

            self._points.add((x, y))

        # 爱心内扩散

        for _x, _y in list(self._points):

            for _ in range(3):
                x, y = scatter_inside(_x, _y, 0.05)

                self._edge_diffusion_points.add((x, y))

        # 爱心内再次扩散

        point_list = list(self._points)

        for _ in range(4000):
            x, y = random.choice(point_list)

            x, y = scatter_inside(x, y, 0.17)

            self._center_diffusion_points.add((x, y))

    @staticmethod
    def calc_position(x, y, ratio):

        force = 1 / (((x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) ** 2 +

                      (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) ** 2) ** 0.520)

        dx = ratio * force * (x - CANVAS_CENTER_X) + random.randint(-1, 1)

        dy = ratio * force * (y - CANVAS_CENTER_Y) + random.randint(-1, 1)

        return x - dx, y - dy

    def calc(self, generate_frame):

        ratio = 10 * curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi)

        halo_radius = int(4 + 6 * (1 + curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi)))

        halo_number = int(

            3000 + 4000 * abs(curve(generate_frame / 10 * pi) ** 2))

        all_points = []

        # 光环

        heart_halo_point = set()

        for _ in range(halo_number):

            t = random.uniform(0, 2 * pi)

            x, y = heart_function(t, shrink_ratio=11.6)

            x, y = shrink(x, y, halo_radius)

            if (x, y) not in heart_halo_point:
                heart_halo_point.add((x, y))

                x += random.randint(-14, 14)

                y += random.randint(-14, 14)

                size = random.choice((1, 2, 2))

                all_points.append((x, y, size))

        # 轮廓

        for x, y in self._points:
            x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)

            size = random.randint(1, 3)

            all_points.append((x, y, size))

        # 内容

        for x, y in self._edge_diffusion_points:
            x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)

            size = random.randint(1, 2)

            all_points.append((x, y, size))

        self.all_points[generate_frame] = all_points

        for x, y in self._center_diffusion_points:
            x, y = self.calc_position(x, y, ratio)

            size = random.randint(1, 2)

            all_points.append((x, y, size))

        self.all_points[generate_frame] = all_points

    def render(self, render_canvas, render_frame):

        for x, y, size in self.all_points[render_frame % self.generate_frame]:
            render_canvas.create_rectangle(

                x, y, x + size, y + size, width=0, fill=HEART_COLOR)


def draw(main: Tk, render_canvas: Canvas, render_heart: Heart, render_frame=0):
    render_canvas.delete('all')

    render_heart.render(render_canvas, render_frame)

    main.after(160, draw, main, render_canvas, render_heart, render_frame + 1)


if __name__ == '__main__':
    root = Tk()

    root.title("爱心")

    center_window(root, CANVAS_WIDTH, CANVAS_HEIGHT)  # 窗口居中显示

    canvas = Canvas(root, bg='black', height=CANVAS_HEIGHT, width=CANVAS_WIDTH)

    canvas.pack()

    heart = Heart()

    draw(root, canvas, heart)

    Label(root, text="I love you", bg="black", fg="#FF99CC", font="Helvetic 20 bold").place(

        relx=.5, rely=.5, anchor=CENTER)

    root.mainloop()

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